Global peace seems to be linked with environmental protection. This conclusion arises from the award of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize to the Inter governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) along with former US Vice-President Al Gore. Definitely, industrial development without environmental considerations has threatened the world's ecological balance. Hazardously growing industrialization has been the cause of many environmental problems such as soil erosion, land degradation, deforestation, overexploitation of non-renewable natural resources, loss of bio-diversity, pollution of all kinds such as water, air, marine, noise, etc. It is clear that a large part of environmental pollution is caused by corporate houses. Since companies are treated as corporate citizens, they are equally responsible for social and environmental improvement. In the present business scenario, there is a growing pressure on corporate bodies to account for and report not only the financial performance but also the social and environmental performance. This thinking has given birth to a new concept in the area of financial reporting called `Environmental reporting'.
reporting is treated as one of the basic constituents of Corporate
Social Responsibility (CSR). It is a process of identification,
measurement and communication of information on the environmental
responsibility of an entity to permit economic decision-making
by the users of information. Sefcik,
Soderstrom and Stinson have defined, "Environmental reporting
is a course that investigates how environmental issues affect
traditional accounting sub-disciplines".