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The IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior :
Spirituality as a Potential Psychological Capital Tool to Deal with Academic Stress Among Management Students
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The paper presents the relevance of spirituality as a potential Psychological Capital (PhyCap) of students pursuing master’s degree in management to cope up with academic stress. PsyCap, an individual’s positive psychological state of development, consists of the variables of hope, self-efficacy, resilience and optimism. Academic stress as such is a feeling under pressure, depression, anxiety and tension that disturbs the normal wellbeing of a student. The academic performance of a student depends upon the positive academic environment of his/her institute. There are various measures available to cope up with the stressful conditions arising out of academic stress. Spirituality is one such tool to cope up with stress-related issues. It is an inner path enabling a person to discover the essence of happiness and salvation of his being. The data was collected from a representative sample of 200 management students who have responded to the survey. The results indicate that there exists a significant relation between students’ PhyCap and spirituality. This paper attempts to check the awareness level regarding the concept of spirituality, evaluate the effect of spirituality on the performance of management students to cope up with academic stress through PhyCap and recommend various stress-coping techniques. The findings are explained in the light of existing conceptualizations in the field of PhyCap. The results showed that spiritual practices reduce academic stress and show pathways to students and management institutions in cultivating spiritual habits among students, enabling them to view themselves as emotionally tuned spiritual beings striving to integrate spiritual values at work.

 
 
 

With today’s highly competitive environment, it is not unusual for students of all ages to experience social, personal or academic stress in their day-to-day life. The mounting pressure to excel everywhere often leads to emotional or psychological turmoil, thus disturbing one’s peace of mind. These disturbances may surface all the more frequently, when one is away from his/her protective social environment. Academic stress as such is a feeling under pressure, depression, anxiety and tension that disturbs the normal wellbeing of a student. The academic performance of a student depends upon the positive academic environment of his/her institute. There are various measures available to cope up with the stressful conditions arising out of academic stress. Spirituality is one such tool to cope up with stress-related issues. It is an inner path enabling a person to discover the essence of happiness, salvation of his being. Incorporating spiritual practices into their learning process enables the students to lead an active spiritual life which helps them to have a better perception of their life skills than students who are not practicing. Compassion which is fundamental to spirituality opens their heart to others; develop empathy, effective communication and interpersonal relationship skills. As students get more personal development through spiritual practices, they are more effective and responsible. Empathy, problem solving, critical thinking and decision-making abilities must be well developed in students to achieve success. Coping with stress and emotions gives them strength to adjust in difficult situations and feel more confident to manage their personal issues and outside problems. Spiritual practices including meditation, prayer and contemplation will help students to cultivate his or her inner life and character. According to Swami Vivekananda, “The greatest help to spiritual life is meditation. In meditation we divest ourselves of all material conditions and feel our divine nature”. If we are not prepared we may experience trauma and chaos. According to Swami Vivekananda, “It is fear that is the cause of our woes, and it is fearlessness that brings heaven in a moment”.

 
 
 

Organizational Behavior Journal, Spirituality as a Potential, Psychological Capital Tool, Academic Stress Among Management Students