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Effective Executive Magazine:
The Effective Executive Leadership in Crisis Times
 
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During the past five years, similar to many other countries in the region, Egypt experienced economic and political crisis, with organizations in many sectors suffering from limited resources, chaos and uncertainty, declining profits, high staff turnover...etc. Some have had to close down and go out of business, while others are striving to maintain their existence. Their employees face many demands such as decreased security and higher costs, whilst trying to maintain career growth and personal development. Aiming to investigate and understand these struggling institutions in their current turbulent situation, the authors studied the characteristics, leadership styles and roles of the effective leaders and managers heading up these organizations who were able to maintain their business operations, satisfy their customers, and retain and develop their teams, while operating in a very difficult and challenging environment in times of crisis over an extended period.

 
 
The last few years have seen political and economic upheaval in many countries, which has tried and tested political and business leaders in almost unprecedented ways. For example, since January 2011, the large Middle Eastern country of Egypt has experienced a series of revolutions, and as a result the economy of the country has been suffering, and political life has been unstable. It has become obvious that law and order and personal safety, and the educational and health systems, are in need of a major reform. Egypt is going through a turbulent time, and there is an urgent need for leaders who can cope and even flourish against the odds. What makes for an effective leader in this context? How can we measure this? Perhaps this is seen through the attitudes, behaviors and views of his/her employees? Or on an ability to achieve organization objectives, job satisfaction and organization commitment from employees as an indicator of leadership effectiveness? Here we look at two leaders of six different organizations in Egypt, a total of 12 as a sample, to analyze the characteristics of the crisis leader – who may or may not be effective when things get back to normal.
 
 
The Effective Executive Leadership in Crisis Times