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The IUP Journal of International Relations :
China’s Moorings in South Asia: Challenges for India and Options for Pakistan
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South Asia is the most volatile region in the world for security as well as regional politics; the region has two nuclear powers India and Pakistan but without China it is impossible to explain the South Asian politics. China and India are considered as the major players in the South Asian political affairs since the last six decades. No doubt China maintains close diplomatic relations with most of the South Asian countries but Pakistan occupies the center stage in China’s foreign policy. Both Pakistan and China had an uninterrupted six decades long all-weather bilateral relations. Apart from good relations in economic, political and military areas, the nuclear angle is considered as the keystone of this relationship. However, it is argued by many scholars that Indian rivalry is the key factor of China-Pakistan relationship. India is known as a regional hegemon in South Asia and considered a major rival of both the countries. After the secession from India, Pakistan had fought three wars with India while China had fought one. Consequently, both the countries strategically tie down India’s role in South Asia by providing assistance on various fronts to other smaller South Asian countries. The paper explores the China-Pakistan strategic relationship and how it challenges India’s foreign policy in the South Asian region.

 
 
 

The 21st century is known as an Asian century for its rising role in global politics and economic spheres. China is recognized as a key driver of the Asian century along with India and other Asian powers. In spite of economic growth in the region, many disputes prevail among the Asian countries with regard to border and water disputes. China and Pakistan consider India as a major foe and thereby all the three countries are linked with each other. China and Pakistan have developed bilateral relations with the other neighboring countries such as Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Afghanistan in order to contain Indian influence in the South Asian region. Both countries take initiatives to make India feel inferior from time to time in the region.1 According to China’s line of thought, India is the only country which challenges its supremacy or hegemony in the region due to its remarkable economic growth and military modernization which allows it to play an important role in the regional.

 
 
 

International Relations Journal, Regional Politics, South Asian political affairs, China-Pakistan strategic relationship, Challenges for India .