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The IUP Journal of Knowledge Management :
Assessment of the Knowledge Level of Masters and Pilots of Ships in Coastal Bangladesh: Perspective of Climate Change and Navigational Management
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Bangladesh is the most vulnerable of all countries in the world due to climate change induced natural disasters. Inland water transport sector is being affected by these climatic changes. Masters and pilots of ships play a vital role in the country’s economy by shipping the much-needed goods and other raw materials from one place to another. Their role is very important in transporting passengers, and their knowledge of climate change should be adequate for performing good service to the economic activities of the country. The goal of this study is to collect sufficient information about the knowledge, skills, interest, attitudes, and abilities of 70 masters and pilots based in the South-Western Coastal area of Bangladesh. Based on the findings of the study, it can be concluded that the crew of the ships require sufficient knowledge about the adverse weather which arises from the climate change and that they require proper knowledge to run the ships in such weather conditions. Most of the masters and pilots require adequate skills and knowledge about navigation, seamanship, tides, meteorology, seafaring law, pollution prevention and navigational risk due to climate change. They have inadequate theoretical knowledge and practical applications. The results have demonstrated the absence of required skill level of masters and pilots and the need for implementation of specialized training content to build their capacity to adapt to the impacts of climate change.

 
 
 

Climate change is amongst the most dreaded problems in the new millennium. Bangladesh is an extremely low-lying country and most of the land lies only a few meters above sea level. Saltwater intrusion into the southwest region is already poisoning groundwater supplies for the entire area. At the present rate of sea level rise, it could take just 25 years for encroaching saltwater to waterlog the farmland and poison fresh drinking water for as many as 10 million people. The forecasted rise of one meter before the end of the century could permanently displace more than 30 million people. Entire islands are already slipping into the sea from a combination of sea levels rise and river erosion (Barua et al., 2017).

The geographic location and geomorphological conditions of Bangladesh have made the country one of the most vulnerable to climate change, particularly to sea level rise. In Bangladesh, cyclone and tidal surge are considered as the most disastrous phenomena of coastal regions and the regions are considered as the most frequent cyclone-prone areas in the world (Barua and Rahman, 2017).

The implications of climate change for saltwater intrusion and its impact on livelihoods and adaptation alternatives have not been investigated in great detail. However, sporadic measurement of soil and water salinity along coastal areas indicates intrusion of saline waterfront landward in many areas (Hanson et al., 2011). Anecdotal evidence also indicates that increased salinity from saltwater intrusion poses an imminent threat to livelihoods and public health through its impact on agriculture, aquaculture, infrastructure, coastal ecosystems, and the availability of freshwater for household and commercial use (Hussain, 2008).

The objective of this paper is to make a literary review that reveals the low level of use of ICTs in SMEs, particularly in the Mexican environment, which gives rise to a different approach where companies consider KM in the implementation of ICTs.

 
 
 

Knowledge Management Journal,Pilots of Ships in Coastal Bangladesh, Assessment of the Knowledge Level of Masters, Perspective of Climate Change, Navigational Management.