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The IUP Journal of Entrepreneurship Development :
A Study on the Development of Entrepreneurial Skills by Masonry Workers Migrating from Rural to Urban Areas
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The present paper attempts to understand the entrepreneurial skills developed by migrant masonry workers in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana by examining the nature of change in working skills that migration brings in the people who migrate from rural to urban areas. It is observed that the decision to migrate is taken by individuals or by the household as expressed by the 60 seasonal workers who were interviewed. The reason for the decision is based on factors like no income-generating opportunities at the place of origin and more opportunities at the place of destination, which are referred to as the push and pull factor. The survey reveals that over a period of 15-20 years, the migrant workers attain the skills of masonry and become independent contractors.

 
 
 

History shows that migration in India is not a new phenomenon and people have shifted their residences for a variety of reasons such as livelihood, employment, environmental shocks, and religious, social and political conflicts. Migration is the mobility of people changing their residential locations across boundaries for reasons which are probably voluntary or involuntary or both. Over the years, migration from the rural to urban areas in search of livelihood has gained significance. It could be attributed largely to distress, complete or partial collapse of employment generation in rural areas, financial difficulties related to agriculture, natural calamities, etc. Certain groups of people plan their migration, and for some, it is spontaneous. The motives of people who are migrating may differ such as people migrate to provide better social and financial environment and education to their families. Such category of people support their families even from a long distance. Another category of people migrate to escape from their families and their expectations. This migration happens after conflicts and arguments and may lead to severance of ties with their families. Another category of people migrate for short time to achieve the goal of saving money for building a house or starting a business.

 
 
 

Entrepreneurship Development Journal,Development of Entrepreneurial Skills, Masonry Workers Migrating, Rural to Urban Areas.