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The IUP Journal of English Studies
ISSN: 0973-3728
A ‘peer reviewed’ journal indexed on Elsevier,
and also distributed by EBSCO and Proquest Database

Dec'17

Previous Issues

The IUP Journal of English Studies, an academic initiative of the IUP, is an intellectual vehicle for informed critical evaluations of various areas of literature, English Language Teaching, translation studies relating to emerging and established genres. A fresh and invigorating evaluation of the contributions of writers and their significant writings are on offer in the Journal.

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  • British Literature
  • American Literature
  • Commonwealth Literature
  • Indian Writing in English
  • English Language Teaching
  • Comparative Literature
  • Translation Studies
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Representation of Trauma as a Political Apparatus in Julian Barnes’s The Noise of Time
Deconstructing Feminist Ethics in Amish Tripathi’s Shiva Trilogy
Carnivalesque Motifs and Dialogic Laughter in the Guru Granth Sahib: A Bakhtinian Evaluation of Guru Nanak and Kabir
Countering the Machiavellian: Power, Intrigue, and Resistance in the Soliloquies of Shakespeare’s Hamlet
A Study on the Theatrical Techniques Employed in Brecht’s Plays
Emergence and Growth of African American Women’s Poetry
Content-Based Language Learning and Communicative Approach to English Language Teaching for Technology and Management Courses: Integration and Implications
Using Humor as a Supplementary Tool in the ESL Classroom
The Necessity of Teaching Sustainable Development Through English Language Teaching
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Contents
(December 2017)

Representation of Trauma as a Political Apparatus in Julian Barnes’s The Noise of Time

--Karam Nayebpour

This paper explores the function of trauma as a political apparatus in Barnes’s (2016) latest novel The Noise of Time. Focusing on the artistic life of worldly, well-known Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, Barnes’s narrative shows how trauma, as a dominant political apparatus, is systematically implemented by Stalin’s State of Terror or Power and how it dramatically impacts the psychological state of an artist. By presenting three stages of the central character’s traumatic experiences, the omniscient narrator represents trauma’s continuous impact on Shostakovich’s mind through his own retrospective perspective. The narrative focuses on Shostakovich’s constant sense of fear and intense panic at three decisive points of life when he finds himself in humiliating conversations with Power. The narrative presents the manner in which Shostakovich’s mind is possessed by the horrors, fears, and anxieties of both his traumatic experiences and posttraumatic recollections.

Article Price : Rs.50

Deconstructing Feminist Ethics in Amish Tripathi’s Shiva Trilogy

--Rakhi Deshmukh and Jaya Dwivedi

The works of feminists over the centuries have been grounded in the conviction that women have been inordinately subjugated more in comparison with men, but the basis for this comparison is somewhat unjustified. The canon of feminism undertakes to study and interpret feminism from various perspectives, one of which is feminist ethics. Feminist ethics reformulates and rethinks the status and moral experience of women which has been largely criticized in the domain of traditional ethics. The present research, therefore, intends to deconstruct this feminist presumptuous conviction, where Indian and Western lenses have been taken together to be applied as the framework in order to elucidate the shortcomings found in traditional ethics. The female characters in the novels of Amish Tripathi speak for themselves, thereby falsifying the claims of traditional ethics and supporting feminist ethics. The female protagonists of his novels highlight the gendered and ethnically underlined identities, especially of Indian women. They are strong, challenge traditional norms, stay factual to the spirits of investigation, learn the covert art of endurance, and make a position for themselves in a world that seems to plot against them at every step.

Article Price : Rs.50

Carnivalesque Motifs and Dialogic Laughter in the Guru Granth Sahib: A Bakhtinian Evaluation of Guru Nanak and Kabir

--Jaswinder Singh and Rano Ringo

The idea of this paper is to foreground the popular overtones of laughter and carnivalesque subversion in the Guru Granth Sahib, which Bakhtin sees as an indispensable part of all human history where people collectively express their consciousness against all normative or dogmatic forms of human life. The paper centers on the writings of Guru Nanak and Kabir to manifest the popular and subverting consciousness which substantially point to the Bakhtinian notions of carnivalesque ambivalence. Bakhtin finds that laughter and carnival celebrate equality, freedom, and change. It suspends all distant zones and dogmatic forms which centripetal forces of time try to create or impose on the people. The Guru Granth Sahib, apart from externalizing the divine understanding of various medieval mystics, also enriches its semantic sites with contesting consciousnesses and socio-historical contradictions of the Bhakti era where Nirguni thoughts, represented by its preceptors like Guru Nanak and Kabir, manifested unconventional unity of the sacred and the secular. There are plenty of instances where laughter and its ironic double along with its carnivalesque decrowning emerge with displacement of the old world and creation of the new people-oriented consciousness.

Article Price : Rs.50

Countering the Machiavellian: Power, Intrigue, and Resistance in the Soliloquies of Shakespeare’s Hamlet

--Lekha Roy

Taking as a framework the theory of power as “domination over,” a theory propounded by social critics such as Machiavelli (1961), Hobbes (1968), Foucault (1980), Weber (1986), and Bordieu (1994), this paper attempts to decipher the dilemma evident in the soliloquies of Shakespeare’s Hamlet as the result of an unresolved conflict between a Machiavellian (external) political world and a Montaignian (internal) world guided by Platonic ideals. The paper traces how the changed dialectics of reason and power at the court in Denmark leave a chasm in Hamlet’s personality, through which the relation of the past and present surface as a disjointed continuum, disturbing the metaphysical structure of temporality that gives meaning to action. Treating the play as a political statement on the discourse of power, it analyzes how a dissonance between the ideals that govern Hamlet’s inner world and the political machinations that rule the court at Denmark leads to a crippling psycho-spatial imbalance that makes action impossible, and warns of the reification of power and the return to a pre-Renaissance Machiavellian structure of ethics that endangered England at the turn of the century.

Article Price : Rs.50

A Study on the Theatrical Techniques Employed in Brecht’s Plays

--D David Wilson

To understand the subtle ideas expressed by Bertolt Brecht, an outstanding German playwright of the twentieth century, in his plays, it is essential that the audience practice complex seeing. It means, to be alienated from the play and be made aware of it as a play and nothing more. To make his audience experience this, Brecht jolted them out of their expectations and deliberately avoided theatrical techniques that would make appearances realistic. People were forced to confront the issues at hand and decipher the meanings behind what they had witnessed on the stage. This paper discusses how Brecht achieved the alienation effect and the techniques that Brecht employed in his plays.

Article Price : Rs.50

Emergence and Growth of African American Women’s Poetry

--Tanima Kumari and Rajni Singh

The paper studies the origin and growth of black women’s poetry. According to Lucius C Matlock (Bibb 1950), by the mid-nineteenth century, slavery had become the “most prolific theme of much that is profound in argument, sublime in poetry, and thrilling in narrative.” Black women were treated as non-humans, thus excluding them from the feminist struggle; besides, they were also dominated by their own men and community. Nevertheless, the resilience of African American women poets is surprisingly remarkable. It can be said that black women’s poetry has undergone a metamorphosis from its faith in the “power of poetic language” and has created a tradition of “egalitarian values” marked by the “diversity of voices.” Nevertheless, black women have faced much more exclusion while having a discourse on race and gender. The expulsion of African American women was not only from the literary world but also from the mainstream society.

Article Price : Rs.50

Content-Based Language Learning and Communicative Approach to English Language Teaching for Technology and Management Courses: Integration and Implications

--S Rukmini

Language is not only a system of rules but also a dynamic resource for the creation of meaning. Thus, it becomes imperative to distinguish between knowing various grammatical rules and being able to use these rules effectively when communicating. This view has underpinned one of the most popular approaches to language teaching: Communicative Language Teaching (CLL). Accordingly, the shift in the teaching of English and the role of English Language Teaching (ELT) in higher education stand as evidence to it. There is a growing stress on the processes and means rather than the products of a language. In recent years, communication has become the main focus of second language curriculum. Consequently, Content-Based Language Learning (COBALL) assumes one of the leading positions in the language teaching-learning process. Given this background, the present study aims at examining the positive effects of COBALL on the learning of a second language for Technology and Management Students. The results of the study indicate that COBALL provides students with the necessary social and academic skills, promoting productivity and achievement. The study also focuses on the integration of COBALL and communicative approach to language teaching and draws implications for the creation of SL curriculum for technology and management studies.

Article Price : Rs.50

Using Humor as a Supplementary Tool in the ESL Classroom

--D Praveen Sam

Homer’s Iliad is a poem on Achilles—who “has allowed thymos to dominate his soul” (Edmundson 2012)—and his wrath. Râma of Vâlmîki’s Râmâyana is a man of righteousness, with an admirable admixture of wisdom and strength, courage and compassion, conviction and consideration, dedication and detachment—the basic virtues that make a man complete. Reading about Achilles’ blind submission to pride and anger and his craving for glory and enduring fame even after death that brought endless sufferings to his own side and ultimately to himself makes a reader wearisome. On the other hand, Râma’s submission to dharma even in the midst of the malice of circumstances, that too, more by the glory of his own choice, bestows a grace, a dignity, and a significance to his character. If poetry is “a vehicle of inspiration” for building the ideal human society, obviously, Râma becomes the choice to idealize, and that is what this paper attempts to delineate.

Article Price : Rs.50

The Necessity of Teaching Sustainable Development Through English Language Teaching

--Zeeshan Ali

Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) emphasizes the need for stimulating a holistic, integrated, and interdisciplinary approach to developing the knowledge and skills needed for a sustainable future as well as changes in values, behavior, and lifestyles. The United Nations (UN) Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD) 2005-2014 states that “Universities must function as places of research and learning for sustainable development” (UNESCO 2005). While encouraging the universities to adopt sustainable practices, the department also sees curriculum development as an important aspect in higher education with the opportunity to create informed graduates who are knowledgeable about sustainability and can influence others. An effective English language curriculum will play an important role in promoting sustainability literacy among engineering undergraduates. It will not only raise awareness about sustainable development but also give them the skills to put sustainable development into practice globally and regionally. This paper shows how English language teaching, with a curriculum that has sustainability as a subject, can help in teaching sustainable development to engineering graduates.

Article Price : Rs.50

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Automated Teller Machines (ATMs): The Changing Face of Banking in India

Bank Management
Information and communication technology has changed the way in which banks provide services to its customers. These days the customers are able to perform their routine banking transactions without even entering the bank premises. ATM is one such development in recent years, which provides remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the development of this self-service banking in India based on the secondary data.

The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is playing a very important role in the progress and advancement in almost all walks of life. The deregulated environment has provided an opportunity to restructure the means and methods of delivery of services in many areas, including the banking sector. The ICT has been a focused issue in the past two decades in Indian banking. In fact, ICTs are enabling the banks to change the way in which they are functioning. Improved customer service has become very important for the very survival and growth of banking sector in the reforms era. The technological advancements, deregulations, and intense competition due to the entry of private sector and foreign banks have altered the face of banking from one of mere intermediation to one of provider of quick, efficient and customer-friendly services. With the introduction and adoption of ICT in the banking sector, the customers are fast moving away from the traditional branch banking system to the convenient and comfort of virtual banking. The most important virtual banking services are phone banking, mobile banking, Internet banking and ATM banking. These electronic channels have enhanced the delivery of banking services accurately and efficiently to the customers. The ATMs are an important part of a bank’s alternative channel to reach the customers, to showcase products and services and to create brand awareness. This is reflected in the increase in the number of ATMs all over the world. ATM is one of the most widely used remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the growth of ATMs of different bank groups in India.
International Scenario

If ATMs are largely available over geographically dispersed areas, the benefit from using an ATM will increase as customers will be able to access their bank accounts from any geographic location. This would imply that the value of an ATM network increases with the number of available ATM locations, and the value of a bank network to a customer will be determined in part by the final network size of the banking system. The statistical information on the growth of branches and ATM network in select countries.

Indian Scenario

The financial services industry in India has witnessed a phenomenal growth, diversification and specialization since the initiation of financial sector reforms in 1991. Greater customer orientation is the only way to retain customer loyalty and withstand competition in the liberalized world. In a market-driven strategy of development, customer preference is of paramount importance in any economy. Gone are the days when customers used to come to the doorsteps of banks. Now the banks are required to chase the customers; only those banks which are customercentric and extremely focused on the needs of their clients can succeed in their business today.

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