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The IUP Journal of Information Technology
ISSN: 0973-2896
A ‘peer reviewed’ journal indexed on Cabell’s Directory,
and also distributed by EBSCO and Proquest Database


Previous Issues

The IUP Journal of Information Technology is a quarterly journal that seeks to update the readers with latest developments in the rapidly changing field of Information Technology. IJIT provides articles on emerging tools, technologies and paradigms relating to various aspects of IT. Apart from these, it also provides IT certification details and book reviews. It also provides articles dealing with programming and testing tools.

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  • Database Systems
  • Programming Languages
  • Software Engineering and Project Management
  • Web Technologies
  • Mobile Computing
  • Network and Distributed Computing
  • Computer Security
  • Intelligent Systems
Detection of Lung Cancer Using Binarization Technique
A Comparative Analysis of Pattern Matching Algorithm Using Bit-Parallelism Technique
Demographic Analysis of e-Governance Usage and Satisfaction Level Among Indians
Information Gathering Methods and Tools: A Comparative Study
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Detection of Lung Cancer Using Binarization Technique

--G Mahalaxmi and T Tirupal

Nowadays, image processing techniques are widely used in several medical areas for image improvement in earlier detection and treatment stages, and the time factor is very important to detect the abnormality issues in target images, especially in various cancer tumors such as lung cancer and brain cancer. The proposed system consists of five basic stages. In the first stage, CT lung image affected with cancer is taken. In the second stage, enhancement technique is applied to get the best level of quality and clarity. In the third stage, segmentation algorithm is applied, and in the next stage, morphological operations erosion and dilation are used to smooth the boundaries of the lung. Finally, in the last stage, feature extraction is applied to obtain the general features from enhanced segmented image which gives indicators of normality or abnormality of image. Simulations are carried out on various lung CT images and are also compared with the existing methods. The superiority of the proposed method is presented and justified. The proposed method gives very promising results of various quality metrics like accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and various other image quality metrics.

A Comparative Analysis of Pattern Matching Algorithm Using Bit-Parallelism Technique

--J A Oladunjoye, A O Afolabi, S O Olabiyisi and T Moses

Pattern matching can be done with the help of bit-parallelism and character-based techniques. Bit-parallelism-based algorithms are currently the fastest and more efficient than other character-based for both exact and inexact pattern matching. This is due to the use of intrinsic parallelism of the bit operation inside a computer word which allows you to cut down the number of operations that algorithm performs by a factor up to w, where w is the number of bits in the computer word. The paper presents a comparative analysis of well-known bit-parallel matching algorithms such as Shift-Or, Shift-And, Backward Non-Deterministic Matching (BNDM) and two variants of BNDM algorithm. The resulting experimental shift mechanism of BNDM, SBNDM and FSBNDM using bit-parallelism technique is also discussed.

Demographic Analysis of e-Governance Usage and Satisfaction Level Among Indians

--Reeti Agarwal and Ankit Mehrotra

e-Governance is the provision of all government services to citizens of a country with the use of technology. For the proper dissemination and use of services, Internet today has become an important element. To better provide these services, the government needs an idea about the usage level of these by different groups of customers. The paper analyzes the usage of amenities of government websites by Indians and aims at identifying if the use and satisfaction level with such sites are different based on customer demographic characteristics like gender, age, occupation, income, etc. The survey method of data collection using a formal questionnaire was used for conducting the study and the number of respondents were 200. The percentage of respondents showing a high usage of the e-governance sites was found to be 28.5 and the percentage of respondents satisfied with these sites was 33%. On analyzing the data, it was found that there is a significant outcome of all the four demographic variables, i.e., gender, occupation, age and income, on usage level of e-governance sites, while the satisfaction level with these sites was found to be significantly affected by gender, occupation and age.

Information Gathering Methods and Tools: A Comparative Study

--Ogidiaka Emoghene and Ogwueleka Francisca Nonyelum

There is an immense need to aid the system analyst in the use of appropriate techniques/tools for specific situations under certain conditions during Requirements Elicitation (RE). RE techniques, also known as information gathering methods/tools, are methods used by analysts to determine the needs of customers and users. Techniques that provide safety, utility, usability, learnability etc. for stakeholders result in their cooperation, commitment and sincerity. This leads to important requirements being discovered and subsequent project success. This paper has assessed the most commonly used RE techniques/tools, including interview, Joint Application Development (JAD), questionnaire, observation, document analysis, prototyping, introspection, user scenario, card sorting and laddering with emphasis on stakeholders’ perception rather than the work to be done or the Information Technology (IT) that is involved. The result shows each technique has its strengths and weaknesses when evaluated against stakeholders’ perception of safety, utility, usability and learnability. These factors form a guide that could help analysts to determine the appropriate RE techniques/tools for a given project.





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Automated Teller Machines (ATMs): The Changing Face of Banking in India

Bank Management
Information and communication technology has changed the way in which banks provide services to its customers. These days the customers are able to perform their routine banking transactions without even entering the bank premises. ATM is one such development in recent years, which provides remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the development of this self-service banking in India based on the secondary data.

The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is playing a very important role in the progress and advancement in almost all walks of life. The deregulated environment has provided an opportunity to restructure the means and methods of delivery of services in many areas, including the banking sector. The ICT has been a focused issue in the past two decades in Indian banking. In fact, ICTs are enabling the banks to change the way in which they are functioning. Improved customer service has become very important for the very survival and growth of banking sector in the reforms era. The technological advancements, deregulations, and intense competition due to the entry of private sector and foreign banks have altered the face of banking from one of mere intermediation to one of provider of quick, efficient and customer-friendly services. With the introduction and adoption of ICT in the banking sector, the customers are fast moving away from the traditional branch banking system to the convenient and comfort of virtual banking. The most important virtual banking services are phone banking, mobile banking, Internet banking and ATM banking. These electronic channels have enhanced the delivery of banking services accurately and efficiently to the customers. The ATMs are an important part of a bank’s alternative channel to reach the customers, to showcase products and services and to create brand awareness. This is reflected in the increase in the number of ATMs all over the world. ATM is one of the most widely used remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the growth of ATMs of different bank groups in India.
International Scenario

If ATMs are largely available over geographically dispersed areas, the benefit from using an ATM will increase as customers will be able to access their bank accounts from any geographic location. This would imply that the value of an ATM network increases with the number of available ATM locations, and the value of a bank network to a customer will be determined in part by the final network size of the banking system. The statistical information on the growth of branches and ATM network in select countries.

Indian Scenario

The financial services industry in India has witnessed a phenomenal growth, diversification and specialization since the initiation of financial sector reforms in 1991. Greater customer orientation is the only way to retain customer loyalty and withstand competition in the liberalized world. In a market-driven strategy of development, customer preference is of paramount importance in any economy. Gone are the days when customers used to come to the doorsteps of banks. Now the banks are required to chase the customers; only those banks which are customercentric and extremely focused on the needs of their clients can succeed in their business today.