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Welcome to The IUP Journal of International Relations


Previous Issues

The IUP Journal of International Relations provides informative, insightful, and lively discourse on the latest developments in an ever-changing and increasingly complex world order. The Journal serves as a forum for thought-provoking debate on the most contentious contemporary issues in World Politics. The Journal is dedicated to the stimulation and dissemination of research and scholarship in international affairs.

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Focus Areas
  • Defense and Strategic Studies
  • Cooperation, Peace, Conflict Resolution and Confidence Building
  • International Security and National Security
  • International Relations Theory
  • International Political Economy
  • Diplomacy
  • Foreign Policy
  • Nationalism, Ethnicity and Religious Conflicts in Contemporary IR
  • Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • Arms Control and Disarmament
  • Democratization and Security
  • Regional Integration
  • Globalization
  • Politics of the Environment
  • Terrorism
  • Global Governance
  • Non-Governmental Organizations
  • International and Supranational Organizations
On the Geopolitical Aspects of the Conflict over Crimea
India-Lithuania Cultural Interactions: A Contemporary Perspective
The Rise of China and India-Japan Strategic Partnership
Political Change in Greece: An Analysis of Future Prospects
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(Jan 2017)

On the Geopolitical Aspects of the Conflict over Crimea

--Anton Bebler

Since 2014, a new ‘frozen’ conflict has appeared in Europe—a Ukrainian-Russian dispute over Crimea. It partly represented a delayed consequence of the Soviet model of ethno-federalism which greatly contributed to the breakdown of the Soviet Union in 1991. The annexation of Crimea by Russia poisoned its relations with Ukraine, worsened its relations with the West and has been followed by a war of mutual sanctions between USA, EU and Russia.

India-Lithuania Cultural Interactions: A Contemporary Perspective

--K B Usha

Lithuania established diplomatic relations with India in 1992 after regaining independence from the former Soviet Union in 1991. The Lithuanian political leadership endorsed that Indians and Lithuanians have similarities in culture, language, customs and ancestry while attempting to promote relations with India. The Indian leadership in the early twentieth century viewed Lithuania as a distinct cultural entity with linguistic and cultural traditions similar to that of India. It has also been observed in India that the Baltic states, including Lithuania, had a strong fascination towards India, which is the oldest among the world civilizations, under the influence of Europeans, especially Germans from classical antiquity. It is interesting to know that they had a very nostalgic and emotional feeling towards Indian people, religion, spirituality, language and culture. India remains predominantly a mystical, exotic cultural notion in the minds of people of Lithuania. Understanding about modern India is deficient among Lithuanians. In contemporary India-Lithuania relations, culture and past interactions are being used by both countries as an important foreign policy instrument for promoting bilateral cooperation and mutual understanding among people. Hence, this paper is a search for the possible interactions between Indians and Lithuanians in the past, which is almost an unfamiliar subject in India, with a contemporary perspective.

The Rise of China and India-Japan Strategic Partnership

--Syeeda Khatoon

India believes in the peaceful emergence of the Asian region, but China has not declared its clear vision about the region. In November 2013, China announced Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ) in the East China Sea over the Senkaku/Diayou Island, meaning thereby that any plane passing over the Island has to take the prior permission of Chinese authorities. Some of these assertive gestures by China impinge on India to search for new strategic partners at global level like USA and Australia and maintaining smooth relationship with old friend and ally Russia because of the rise of China as uncertain power, but simultaneously India also abstains from any grouping which is anti-China. India wanted to see the peaceful rise of China in the interest of the region and world at large. In the paper, an attempt has been made to explore the India global strategic partnership with special focus on India-Japan strategic partnership in the field of East Asian security, maritime security, energy, defence, space and cooperation at global forums. These two countries are emerging as good strategic partners at bilateral, regional, multilateral and global issues. To strengthen this strategic partnership, there is a need for more and more economic engagement between the two countries, which is still lagging behind the optimum level.

Political Change in Greece: An Analysis of Future Prospects

--Emmannouil Mavrozacharakis and Stylianos Ioannis Tzagkarakis

It has been more than 40 years since the restoration of democracy in Greece, and a peculiar prosperity, which was consciously cultivated by the leaders of political and economic elites, was promoted before the onset of the financial crisis. However, from the beginning of the financial recession, the temporal illusions have been revealed and the need for a complete transformation of the financial policies has been expressed, while a significant transformation of the entire political culture has started. Parties such as SYRIZA, Independent Greeks (ANEL) and Golden Dawn took advantage of the growing social discontent by propagating themselves as champions of ordinary people and of their concerns or their fears, as the expression of resistance against an avoidable sellout of public values. However, the crisis has exposed a number of truths which were elaborately hiding in the underbelly of the detaining political and socioeconomic system. These truths were exteriorized once it became clear that the foundations on which the Greek society was based after the restoration of democracy, were weak and insufficient to guide the country’s way towards a modern future.




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Automated Teller Machines (ATMs): The Changing Face of Banking in India

Bank Management
Information and communication technology has changed the way in which banks provide services to its customers. These days the customers are able to perform their routine banking transactions without even entering the bank premises. ATM is one such development in recent years, which provides remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the development of this self-service banking in India based on the secondary data.

The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is playing a very important role in the progress and advancement in almost all walks of life. The deregulated environment has provided an opportunity to restructure the means and methods of delivery of services in many areas, including the banking sector. The ICT has been a focused issue in the past two decades in Indian banking. In fact, ICTs are enabling the banks to change the way in which they are functioning. Improved customer service has become very important for the very survival and growth of banking sector in the reforms era. The technological advancements, deregulations, and intense competition due to the entry of private sector and foreign banks have altered the face of banking from one of mere intermediation to one of provider of quick, efficient and customer-friendly services. With the introduction and adoption of ICT in the banking sector, the customers are fast moving away from the traditional branch banking system to the convenient and comfort of virtual banking. The most important virtual banking services are phone banking, mobile banking, Internet banking and ATM banking. These electronic channels have enhanced the delivery of banking services accurately and efficiently to the customers. The ATMs are an important part of a bank’s alternative channel to reach the customers, to showcase products and services and to create brand awareness. This is reflected in the increase in the number of ATMs all over the world. ATM is one of the most widely used remote banking services all over the world, including India. This paper analyzes the growth of ATMs of different bank groups in India.
International Scenario

If ATMs are largely available over geographically dispersed areas, the benefit from using an ATM will increase as customers will be able to access their bank accounts from any geographic location. This would imply that the value of an ATM network increases with the number of available ATM locations, and the value of a bank network to a customer will be determined in part by the final network size of the banking system. The statistical information on the growth of branches and ATM network in select countries.

Indian Scenario

The financial services industry in India has witnessed a phenomenal growth, diversification and specialization since the initiation of financial sector reforms in 1991. Greater customer orientation is the only way to retain customer loyalty and withstand competition in the liberalized world. In a market-driven strategy of development, customer preference is of paramount importance in any economy. Gone are the days when customers used to come to the doorsteps of banks. Now the banks are required to chase the customers; only those banks which are customercentric and extremely focused on the needs of their clients can succeed in their business today.