The IUP Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
IoT-Based Smart Garbage Collecting System

Article Details
Pub. Date : Oct, 2021
Product Name : The IUP Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Product Type : Article
Product Code : IJEEE41021
Author Name : N Dhanasekar, S Pasupathi Raja and S Soundarya
Availability : YES
Subject/Domain : Engineering
Download Format : PDF Format
No. of Pages : 7



In cities, many times we see that the garbage bins or dustbins placed at public places are overflowing. It creates unhygienic conditions and ugliness to that place. At the same time, bad smell is also spread (Dhanasekar et al., 2018). To overcome this problem, the paper suggests a method which saves time and prevents environment from pollution. This method automatically identifies the level of bins, sends data to the cloud and displays it using webpage or app. Microcontroller is used to process the data from the ultrasonic sensor and the NODE MCU is used to send the data to the cloud. Garbage level can be detected using the ultrasonic sensor and the GPS is used to find out the exact location of the bin, and this information can be sent to the truck driver. With the help of that message, the truck driver can identify the location and the status of the bins. This method also has temperature sensor to find out the temperature of the garbage bin, and the information is passed to nearby fire station using GSM if there are any fire accidents.


India faces major environmental challenges associated with inadequate waste collection, transport and disposal. In the current scenario, more wastes are generated in urban area and this impacts the environment and public health (Dhanasekar and Subramanian, 2016). The paper proposes a garbage management system which automatically detects the bin location, and if the bin is fully filled, the truck driver can know the location of it. Usually, we need huge manpower for garbage collection and disposal; however, with this garbage management system, we can reduce the manpower with the help of embedded system interfaced with IOT. The embedded device is a low-cost device used for automation (Dhanasekar et al., 2018). In each city, more number of bins are located. Everyday, a truck driver roams around all the places to check the garbage bins, but sometimes bins are not fully filled (Sahu et al., 2016). By this method, we can know the location of 80% filled bins. Using this information, truck driver can create an optimized path for it.


Automation, GPS, GSM, Temperature sensor, Ultrasonic sensor, Microcontroller and Node MCU